- adopt a zero tolerance policy
- protect the whistle blowers
- clarify the reporting mechanism
- provide alternative mechanisms
- promote role models for ethical behavior.
 Sandra L. Titus, James A. Wells, and Lawrence J. Rhoades, "Repairing Research Integrity", Nature, volume 453, number 7198, pages 980-982.
 Editorial: "Solutions, Not Scapegoats", Nature, volume 453, number 7198, page 957.